Summary laminated flooring (laminate)
Laminating, ie coating the surface of the plastic film can be exposed to many materials. The word “laminate flooring” – a very unfortunate phrase, because real parquet laminated does not – it just varnish. Correctly should recognize the name “laminate flooring”.
So, what distinguishes laminate floors from ordinary flooring?
First of all – design and material properties. In appearance the laminate is thin 7-11 mm leaves, length and width 100-140 of about 20 cm, the edges are secured with pins and slots for connections with each other. The front side can have color and texture dozen species of wood (and not only), what similarities and ends with parquet.
Structure laminated flooring
Material boards is a flaky pie analogy. The upper layer is a special high-strength resin film – the same “lamination”, which gave name to the whole product. This coating is a single layer and multi-layered. The top layer bears the important function of protection against external influences; it also resists moisture and dirt, chemicals and sunlight.
The next layer – decorative – is specially treated and impregnated paper or furniture foil-yuschuyu simulates wood texture and color, or other materials.
The main component of laminate flooring is the main load-bearing layer of a material particle board or fiberboard. Behind it lies an ordinary wood-fiber boards (DWT), only very high degree of density.
The bottom layer “cake” (so-called working sheet) – unrefined or resin impregnated paper, whose purpose – the protection of fiberboard or particleboard layer of moisture and stabilization of the entire slab geometry.
We estimate the advantages of laminate flooring
The advantages of laminated floor (cover) much. First, the laminated layer, unlike wooden flooring, requires no sanding and varnishing. Secondly, laminate flooring does not fade in the sun, and any spot of ketchup spilled or dropped cigarettes easily removed with acetone. The same advantage is the ability to select quality laminated floor, depending on durability. Hks approved classification of laminates division into classes, depending on durability. Based on the results of tests assigned to polls class use:
21 – home room (bedroom);
22 – domestic premises with medium intensity walking (child);
23 – domestic premises with high intensity walking (kitchen, hall);
31 – commercial premises with low intensity walking (meeting rooms);
32 – commercial premises with medium intensity walking (office);
33 – commercial premises with high intensity walking (store).
To appreciate the true quality of the floor, you should pay attention as well, and on the warranty, which provides manufacturers. For example, the floor Swedish or Norwegian production can have a class 31 and provided a guarantee for the use of the building 10 years, and the floor in the same class of 31 Polish or French production is warranted only for 5 years. This means that sex fulfills the minimum standards for the class of 31, but the manufacturer is confident in his strength and meets only 5 years of operation.
Water – enemy laminate
With all the benefits of laminate flooring, you should know that some types of laminate lack of moisture. However, experience shows that high grade laminate flooring (31, 32, 33 and even 23) without noticeable consequences can withstand contact with water for several hours. The main requirement – to prevent vodoprolitiya and any puddles immediately take the floor. Cleaning the floors is not prohibited, but should not breed “swamp” and abuse cleaners – they can leave whitish traces.
To lay laminate flooring
The process of laying laminate flooring like a game designer with children – as accurately and quickly joined together parketyny modules. But before this takes time and effort to preparatory work on leveling “rough sex.” Let styling professionals, or you can face the fact that laminate is enclosed cave, go shake, squeak, diverge at the seams, etc.
How to care for laminated floor?
With proper care and long-term guarantees laminate floor will serve you for many years. For daily care is recommended to use a damp cloth or vacuum cleaner. In the event of stains can be removed with acetone, alcohol or gasoline. If suddenly (which is unlikely) you scratched the floor, you can close the scratch repair filler or pencil. Do not use dishwashing soap adhesive flooring solutions, as they can cause the effect of “white joints.” The offices are encouraged to use rubber wheels on chairs and chairs and mats at the entrance.
Parquet flooring is made of three layers of wood adhesive which is under high pressure. Direction of fibers in each layer are mutually perpendicular. This production technology to create a tight and seamless sandwich the least dependent on changes in humidity, temperature and withstand high loads.
floorboard Structure: Lacquered or oil protection system, with smooth or brashyrovannom finish grinding. Layer valuable wood thickness 3.6 – 4.00 mm. Rods of pine. Compensation layer of softwood. The lower two layers under the influence of temperature and humidity easily change their geometric dimensions and compensate for changes occur in the top layer of wood flooring. Another advantage of wood flooring – its factory polishing and protective coating material (paint or oil). Grinding, especially the application of the varnish layer in the factory, in quality and durability higher than under normal conditions. Impregnating oil strongly emphasizes the beauty of natural wood, so that the oil is much easier to penetrate the pores of the wood grain and appears stronger. Parquet board gluing in a groove in the so-called floating floor without attaching it to the ground or attachment to the base, which also allowed. In the last 2 years, European producers virtually abandoned the floorboard of the adhesive bond and went to connect without glue different designs. This flooring is easier to install and the probability of “ruin during installation” minimal.
flooring similar in their design artificial wood flooring (solid wood with spikes and notches on the side and end faces) with dimensions: length from 500 to 2000 mm, width from 18 to 25 mm. With these dimensions parquet increasingly is used in the design of modern interiors.
Flooring – front layer of the floor, lay on a picture of some planed boards (parquet blocks).
Flooring with parquet:
- nastelyayutsya in residential and public areas with little traffic;
- different beautiful appearance, low heat and sound conductivity, environmental friendliness and lack of harmful effects on the human body.
is defined quality flooring wood, stem cutting method, method of manufacture.
restore (sanded and re-varnish) parquet can be up to 3-4 times. Subject to restore every 7-10 years flooring can last 30-40 years.
What shield flooring
shield flooring is mainly used for flooring in unique buildings. It is a massive foundation-tray, made in the form of a frame and filled panels. Tray veneer top bars of rectangular or square shape. Rods are made mostly of hard wood, and the foundation – from softwood. The size and shape of strips depends on the given pattern. Usually shield parquet piece in a picture or in a basket. Panelled parquet wood producing companies. The construction of its supply in finished form. Panelled parquet boards are produced in the form of size 800×800, 1420×1420 mm or more or a panel of three or more boards.